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Improving adolescents health through Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram

Port Blair ,

     In India, adolescents between age of 10 and 19 years account for nearly one fifth of the total population. In order to respond effectively to the needs of adolescent health and development, it is imperative to situate adolescence in a life span perspective within dynamic psychological, sociological, cultural and economic realities with better health in order to prepare them for further productive youths.
    To achieve these goals, the Ministry of health and Family Welfare has developed a comprehensive strategy, Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram which was launched in January 2014. The six strategic priorities the RKSK scheme covers include nutrition, sexual and reproductive health, non-communicable diseases, substance misuse, injuries & violence and mental health.
       The scheme aims at improving the adolescent health in the age group of 10 to 19 years, developing nutrition by reducing the prevalence of malnutrition and iron deficiency anaemia, providing knowledge, attitude and behaviour in relation to sex and reproductive health besides preventing substance misuse by increasing adolescent's awareness on the adverse effect of substance misuse and promoting behavioural change in adolescent to prevent non communicable diseases.  27 Adolescent Friendly Health Clinic across the Islands are rendering its services to the adolescents here.
       As per the information received from the Directorate of Health Services, weekly Iron and Folic Acid Supplementation (WIFS) Programme is being carried out regularly to meet the challenge of high prevalence and incidence of anaemia amongst adolescent girls and boys. The programme involves distribution of one Iron and Folic Acid (IFA) tablet a week to all adolescent girls and boys (10 to 19 years of age), both in school and out of school along with biannual de-worming (February and August every year). The IFA and de-worming tablet are being distributed through the school for school going students and through field health functionaries for non-school going girls and boys on monthly basis. Around 50544 children across A&N Islands were given IFA Tablets during the year 2019-20.